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Here at The Balloon Works we make our business from balloons, so we thought we’d take a brief look at the history of the balloon and see how they’ve evolved over time…

A balloon is basically any type of flexible bag that can be inflated with a gas, for example air, oxygen, helium, hydrogen or nitrous oxide. Modern balloons are typically made from materials like latex, rubber, foil, neoprene, or a nylon fabric, and are available in a wide variety of colours.

The rubber balloon was invented by Michael Faraday in 1824; prior to that some of the early balloons were made from dried animal bladders. We wouldn’t fancy inflating one of those by mouth!

The low density and low cost of balloons has made them a popular choice for many applications throughout time, including simple party decorations to practical applications like meteorology and military defence.

Party balloons

It just doesn’t feel like a party without clusters of balloons adorning the corners of the room does it? With the range of colours and patterns of rubber and foil balloons available you can create whatever look you like for your party.

Modelling balloons

Balloons used for modelling are long and slim, and are made from extra-stretchy rubber so that they can be twisted into shapes with bursting. They can be difficult to inflate due to the shape, so a pump is usually used to inflate them as opposed to the mouth.

Branded balloons

Balloons that are screen printed with a company logo or message are a great way to promote brand awareness and advertise your business. Dropping them from a ceiling net can have an even bigger impact and will certainly make a lasting impression!

Balloons in medicine

Small balloons are used in some medical procedures. For example, during angioplasty small balloons are inserted into blocked blood vessels near the heart; they are then inflated in order to clear the blockage and stretch the vessel walls. Some catheters also use balloon technology to stop the tube from slipping out once it’s in place.